(Pseudonaja textilis)

It’s distribution is widespread throughout South Australia and northern Queensland, with isolated populations occurring in the Northern Territory.



This widespread species is often referred to as the ‘common brown snake’, and is considered the second most venomous land snake in the world. The Eastern brown snake is the most commonly found venomous snake here in South Australia!

Key Features

Colouring is varied shades of brown, orange, black, silver and cream.

Length up to 2 meters

Underside may vary from pale cream-yellow or orange and often found with pinkish orange or grey spots.


Adult Eastern Browns are a slender species, averaging around 1.5 metres but can reach as long as 2 metres (7ft) in length. Their colouring varies from many shades of brown, chestnut and burnt orange to black, silver and cream. Ventral surface (underside) may vary from pale cream-yellow or orange, and often found with pinkish orange, or grey spots.

Their diet consists of a variety of vertebrates including rats and mice, birds, frogs along with lizards and other snakes.

The Eastern Brown Snake is known to thrive in areas of human habitation, though they like to hide and prefer dry areas; particularly under rocks, concrete, scrap metal, woodpiles and logs.

They have also been found in animal holes and burrows, compost areas and farm barns.

They are an alert, nervous species and commonly react in a defensive manner if surprised or cornered - and are not afraid to strike. In saying this, if they are approached over a distance, they will usually choose to flee or remain motionless in order to avoid detection.



Image: Shane Black

Juvenile Eastern Brown Snakes may be plain brown or banded and typically have the distinctive head markings of a black blotch on the crown and across the nape of the snake.

They feed on small lizards, frogs and small mice.

Just as their older counterparts, Juvenile Eastern Browns can carry a potentially lethal dose of venom.


We have compiled a list of common South Australian venomous snakes along with short profiles to assist you understanding each species. The information provided is general in nature, please contact us if you require specific advice.
Never try to catch, kill or corner a snake as this is how people get bitten!